Key features of a small hydro scheme include:
a hydraulic 'head' - vertical distance from water source to the turbine.
a water intake above a weir or behind a dam
a pipe or channel to take water to the turbine
a turbine, generator and electrical connection
an outflow, where the water returns to the watercourse
These elements raise a number of important planning issues and planning permission will usually be needed.
The elements of a small-scale hydro electricity scheme create potential impacts on:
landscape and visual amenity
the water regime.
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